Endometriosis is a problem affecting the uterus. In this condition the tissue that normally lines the uterus grows somewhere else. It can grow on the ovaries, behind the uterus or on the bowels or bladder. In rare cases it has been found to grow in other parts of the body also. This "misplaced" tissue can cause pain & sub-fertility. The pain is usually in the abdomen, lower back or pelvic areas. Some women may experience pain during intercourse or some women have no symptoms at all. Having trouble getting pregnant may be the first sign.
Tests that are done to help diagnose endometriosis include:
The cause of endometriosis is not known. Treatment options include medications to control pain. Hormones often help to stop endometriosis from getting worse. Severe cases may need removal of the areas of endometriosis or the entire uterus and ovaries.